Judicial protection of investors in the EU: remedies offered by investment arbitration, the ECHR and EU law

Partner Xavier Taton and associate Guillaume Croisant, both from our Brussels office, have contributed to the Indian Journal of Arbitration Law, reviewing the judicial protection offered by investment arbitration, EU law and the European Convention on Human Rights in the first thorough contribution comparing the three remedies.

In addition to investment arbitration, investors, who object to State measures jeopardising their investments in the European Union, can benefit from the protection offered by the European Convention on Human Rights and EU law. If, in practice, investors have favoured investment arbitration, these two additional remedies have assumed greater importance in the wake of the landmark Slovak Republic v. Achmea BV ruling of the Court of Justice of the European Union, which jeopardises intra-EU investment arbitration.

The article aims to present the main differences, similarities and interplay of the three regimes, each of which offers a contrast in terms of substantive rules and standards of protection, scope of application, procedures, remedies and enforcement mechanisms.