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Ethical. Safe. Lawful.

A toolkit for artificial intelligence (AI) projects

AI is moving into the mainstream and raises a number of practical, legal and ethical challenges.

If you are looking to exploit this technology you need to address these issues, many of which are new and need new responses.

We have created a toolkit based on our experience of advising clients on these issues and rolling out AI tools within Linklaters. It draws upon the expertise of lawyers across our practices and provides practical guidance on how to make your project a success. The toolkit looks at the position in the UK but the themes and issues discussed are relevant to any jurisdiction.

Download the AI toolkit. Alternatively scroll down to explore its contents.

Explore the AI toolkit


Technical primer

  • What is AI and how is it different to existing technology?
  • What is it really capable of?
  • How and why does it go wrong?

> Download our technical primer to walk you through the basics.


Collaboration & ownership

AI projects often call for collaboration between the tech experts and an industry partner. This requires careful structuring particularly in relation to the intellectual property rights generated by that collaboration. Moreover, industry partners should not underestimate the value their knowhow and data bring to that collaboration.

> Download the collaboration and ownership chapter.


Developing AI & data

Most of the advances in AI have been fuelled by data. We look at how to get hold of data and the constraints on the use of that data, notably under confidentiality and data protection laws. The use of a sandbox can help in many cases.

> Download the developing AI & data chapter.


Liability & regulation

The aim of an AI system is to be intelligent - to analyse, decide, and potentially act, with a degree of independence from its maker. This raises interesting issues particularly where the algorithm at the heart of that system has no common-sense safety valve.

So what regulatory controls are needed on this decision making and what is your liability if you get it wrong?

> Download the liability & regulation chapter.


Safe use

AI systems can be opaque and behave unpredictably. Supervision is important. You should put systems and controls in place to ensure that live use of artificial intelligence systems is safe. That might include the use of counterfactuals, sampling and circuit breakers.

> Download the safe use chapter.


AI in financial services

AI is used in a variety of financial contexts from the provision of robo-advice to trading decisions. Financial services firms must comply with both their broader regulatory obligations, and the specific controls in areas such as algorithmic trading. The use of AI should also be factored into the firm’s overall risk management framework.

> Download the AI in Financial Services chapter.

Download: Ready to roll out AI?

Use our checklist to confirm you are good to go.

artificial intelligence linklaters

Read: Why we put together this toolkit

A note from the editor on why we wrote this guide.

artificial intelligence report linklaters


Find out about AI and Innovation at Linklaters.

Ethics in Banking

Our Ethics in Banking report, which has been prepared in partnership with UK Finance, is designed to help firms more easily engage with the many and varied sources of those requirements and evaluate whether they are living up to these expectations and the values they have set for themselves.
Mehr erfahren Ethics in Banking


Innovation at Linklaters means doing things differently - unleashing our imagination to challenge the present and shape the future.
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Digital Transformation

The world is transforming faster than ever before. Traditional business models across many sectors have either already been disrupted by new and agile players, or are staring down the barrel of imminent disruption.

No matter which industry organisations belong to, they all share a common focus: the need to contemplate and implement profound strategies of digital transformation.

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Financial institutions and disruptive companies alike trust Linklaters' lawyers with their most complex Fintech projects.

We work with organisations in all stages of growth, from early-stage start-ups to established financial institutions.

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